Hong Kong media data show that 13% mainland family troubled – infertility Sohu news diying

Hong Kong media: data show that mainland 13% families affected by infertility problems – Sohu News Reference News Network February 23rd Hong Kong media reported that the opening up of the two child policy, in the face of various fertility problems. Data show that the current mainland China has 13% families plagued by infertility problems, coupled with the high pressure of the national economy, the public willingness to give birth to two children will decline, fertility decline. According to Hongkong’s "Ming Pao Daily News reported on February 23rd, because the provisions of all public hospitals is very strict, not allowed to control the sex chromosome screening of fertilized eggs, can not accept non wife eggs, a private hospital at a price of 250 thousand yuan of maddening business, and this price is 5 to 10 times the charge of public hospital. At present, the cost of IVF is about 20 thousand to 50 thousand yuan in public hospitals in mainland China, but the same technology needs at least 250 thousand yuan in the Private assisted reproductive center in Shenzhen. There are at least more than 10 private assisted reproductive centers in Shenzhen, according to people familiar with the situation. Reported that, according to the provisions of the Ministry of Health issued the "human assisted reproductive technology management approach", with various types of medical institutions to implement assisted reproductive technology qualification, "with the purpose of medical care", and "the national family planning policy, ethical principles and relevant provisions of the law, prohibits any form of sale of germ cells, or fertilized egg embryo, medical institutions and medical personnel shall not carry out any form of surrogacy, in violation of the above provisions or illegal use of germ cells, without gender selection will be punished, serious or will be resorted to criminal. People familiar with the situation say that only public hospitals are more strict in implementing relevant regulations, and private artificial assisted reproductive centers are generally not very strict. The Ministry of health in 2001 stipulated the promulgation and implementation of the "sperm bank management approach", a donor sperm can only provide up to 5 women in pregnancy, donor files will be shared in the sperm bank, this provision is for ethical considerations, but China sperm bank annual emergency. Informed sources said, "since the establishment of the national sperm bank perennial lack of precision source, compared to public hospitals, private artificial assisted reproductive center often need to find their own way."". Most of the patients who are now seeking medical care for birth defects are women who lose their reproductive function, according to the person familiar with the matter. Public hospitals often need to complete certification (identity card, marriage certificate, birth certificate)". Because the public hospitals comply with the relevant laws and regulations, often because of one wife without eggs and can not carry out related technologies, but private hospitals can find eggs and even surrogate. In addition, public hospitals are not allowed to choose fetal sex, but some couples have specific requirements for the sex of their children, these private hospitals will secretly. Data show that 13% families in China are suffering from infertility, and the quality of sperm in Chinese men is declining every year. Provide sperm to 25 provinces and cities nationwide artificial reproductive center of Hunan CITIC Xiangya reproductive and genetic hospital sperm bank data show that, to the hospital the sperm donor qualified rate from 45.9% in 2006, fell to 37.9% in 2010, 2014 to 17.9%, the first half of 2015 was only 17.8%. ; 港媒:数据显示内地13%家庭受不孕不育问题困扰-搜狐新闻  参考消息网2月23日报道港媒称,内地开放二孩政策后,面对各种生育问题。数据显示目前中国内地有13%家庭受不孕不育问题困扰,加之国民经济压力高涨,民众主动生育二孩意愿降低,生育率下降。   据香港《明报》2月23日报道,因为公立医院各种规定十分严格,不允许筛选染色体以控制受精卵性别、不可接受非妻卵子等,私立医院则以25万元人民币的价格狂揽业务,而这个价格是公立医院收费的5到10倍。现时内地公立医院做一次试管婴儿,收费大约在2万至5万元之间,但同样的技术在深圳的私立辅助生殖中心则需要至少25万元。知情者称,深圳的各种私立辅助生殖中心至少有十多家。   报道称,据卫生部颁布的《人类辅助生殖技术管理办法》规定,拥有资质实施辅助生殖技术的各类医疗机构,需“以医疗为目的”,并“符合国家计划生育政策、伦理原则和有关法律规定”,禁止以任何形式买卖生殖细胞、受精卵或胚胎,医疗机构和医务人员不得实施任何形式的代孕技术,违反上述规定或是违规使用生殖细胞、擅自选择胎儿性别的会被处罚,严重的或将被诉诸刑事。   知情人士称,往往只有公立医院才会比较严格执行相关规定,私立人工辅助生殖中心一般不会很严格。卫生部于2001年起颁布实施的《人类精子库管理办法》中明文规定,一个供精者的精子最多只能提供给5名妇女受孕,供精者的档案也将在各精子库中共享,这项规定是出于伦理考量,但中国精子库常年告急。知情人士称,“国家精子库自设立以来常年缺乏精源,相较公立医院,私立人工辅助生殖中心往往需要自己想办法”。   该知情人士指出,“现在因生育障碍求医的患者中,很大部分是女性丧失了生育功能。公立医院往往需要三证齐全(身份证、结婚证、准生证)”。而由于公立医院在遵守相关法规时,往往因妻子一方无卵而不能进行相关技术,但私立医院可以代找卵源甚至代孕者。另外公立医院不允许选择胎儿性别,但是有的夫妻对孩子性别有特定要求,这些私立医院都会偷偷进行。   数据显示,目前中国有13%家庭受不孕不育问题困扰,与此同时,中国男性精子的质量每年都在下降。向全国25个省市人工生殖中心提供精子的湖南中信湘雅生殖与遗传专科医院精子库的数据显示,到该院捐精者的精子合格率由2006年的45.9%,跌到2010年的37.9%,2014年再降至17.9%,2015年上半年仅为17.8%。   学者支招刺激生育   报道称,针对开放二孩后民众生育率下降的状况,北京理工大学经济学教授胡星斗表示,目前的国民经济压力高涨,这将制约未来5到10年内国民主动生育二孩的愿望。   胡星斗直言,二孩政策有助于解决现时中国即将面对的人口老化和劳动力短缺问题。不过,目前中国尚未达到劳动力严重短缺的程度,因为户籍政策固化和限制了农村劳动力向城市工业劳动力的转移,加上农村社会保障体系的改善,养老负担从“养儿防老”转移到社保,也大大降低农村人口生二孩的意愿,“中国目前二孩政策的全面开放,至少在5到10年内不会有明显的改变,更遑论对人口红利及老龄化等经济社会问题的影响的改变”。   报道称,胡星斗认为,若想提高国民生育二孩的意愿,需降低税款,同时提高国民一次分配中的收入比重,“改善社会保障体系,使之不能高到百姓养老无忧至不愿生育二胎,也不能低到无力生育二胎的水平,是需要亟待考虑的问题”。    相关的主题文章: