Liu Yu how to treat the Trump phenomenon in the US election meyou

Liu Yu: how to treat the U.S. election of the "Trump phenomenon" a lot of people think that today’s Europe and the United States have been coerced political populism. In the United States, the rise of the tea party, Trump in Republican win and Saunders cyclone, the United States was regarded as the rise of populist performance. In Europe, whether Britain withdraw from the EU referendum decision, and the rise of French right-wing National Front Scandinavian right-wing party head, or exclusive parties in many countries in the "new Europe", or the radical left Podemos Party (Spain), Syriza (Greece) election performance, is seen as a sign of populism in Europe the. "Populism" named today’s Europe and the United States political trends, a problem is obviously, how to distinguish between "populist politics" and "democracy"? If the democratic essence is "the will of the people first", then this "democratic politics and public opinion for the essence of" populist politics? Further, why the "will of the people first" is the moral desire, "to the public as the essence" is harmful? "I don’t agree with the opinion that" democracy, "I don’t agree with the opinion that populist politics? In fact, a trend is: there is no politician claiming to be "populist", but almost everyone in the dissident with populist label. Therefore, if not populist politics and democratic politics to clarify a concept, then for any "Populism" analysis may be ambiguous the battle of the windmill. This article attempts to think about populism in the context of the United states. Specifically, first, try to distinguish between democracy and populist politics from the concept, discusses the relationship and differences between the two; second, trying to understand American populism from long-term historical perspective, and its relationship with democratic politics; third, analysis framework and historical perspective from the aforementioned understanding of contemporary American populism the type, degree, origin and consequences. One, democratic politics and populist political democracy and populism, with a high degree of overlap. They all take the legitimacy of public opinion as the core of their discourse, and to oppose the lack of public opinion on the basis of autocracy. The problem is that despite the high degree of coincidence, "the existence of differences of democracy" and "populist"? If so, how to define? The question is difficult to answer because people have different understandings of democracy. In simple terms, is the traditional theory of democracy, there are two kinds of understanding of democracy, is a pluralistic democracy, also known as liberal democracy; and the other is the one yuan style democracy, can also be said to be free of democracy. (reporter Fareed Zakaria invented the term "Illiberal democracy") to describe countries that have allowed a certain degree of competitive elections to restrict political freedom If a person’s understanding of democracy is the latter, then, the essence of "democracy" is bound to "populist"; and if a person’s understanding of democracy is the former, perhaps we can find between democracy and populist key from. "Pluralistic democracy" relative "one yuan democracy", this, where to start? In short, the distinction lies in the understanding of "public opinion" is still a multi – element is.相关的主题文章: